Historian background of Paper & Ink in India
Who Invented Paper? Do you know that paper was first invented in India? The age old perception that Paper was invented in China is not true. Find out the real fact?
Another notion points invention of paper in India.
The TRUTH is the process of manufacturing paper originates from India and it spread world wide from there.
Who Invented Paper?
If you go back to the history of the procedures of paper manufacturing you will witness you will notice the age old truth.
In the former state, a wooden block was fixed at the centre of an 8-foot diameter shallow well. Over several days, bark, hay, rugs, tents and gunny bags were moistened or soaked as per requirement. These were then placed on the central wood and beaten to a pulp with a beater. This pulp was subsequently placed in lime water (chunamed) reservoirs with a little water, and gum of the babul tree was dissolved into the mixture. Bamboo moulds were inserted and the material that adhered was lifted out and dried to form paper.
In Bihar, the materials were beaten with a wooden instrument called a dhenki, and then bleached, using soda water. The total was washed, next, and the procedure repeated six times. After this, the pulp was placed in a water-containing cistern and well-stirred. An hour later, the material was cut up into sheets (of paper).
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History of Ink
Ink manufacturing was a specialized task and Brahmins seemed to hold the prerogative. The surname Raktavan denoted a professional ink-maker.
Gold and silver colours were derived from the metals themselves, while the black ink was obtained from kajjala (soot/lampblack). Red ink was sourced from darada (red lead), alaktaka (red sap), and gairika (red chalk).
One method of manufacturing black ink — lampblack, roasted rice, some sugar, and on occasion, kesurte plant juice, was used in the process.
A meticulous process was used to manufacture ink since the lampblack could very easily settle at the bottom. Gloss was a desirable feature and could be had by adding acacia gum. Such ink was used appropriately for writing on paper.
A decoction of atta and kesurte (Verbesina scandens) juice was ideal for palm leaf manuscripts – the ink so prepared was good for such writings as the ink would be absorbed by the leaf, hence remain clear and glossy through centuries!
Another means of writing on palm leaf was by ‘writing’ on the leaf with a sharp iron stylus, and then smearing a mixture of soot and oil over it. A cloth was used to clear away any excess. This ink was produced by burning either coconut halves, almonds or kacalis, and adding oil to the soot so obtained. History of Paper and Ink can be traced back in Ancient India which had very well mastered the art of its manufacturing.
Reference Source: Wikipedia.